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In Byzantine literature, therefore, four different cultural elements must be reckoned with: the Greek, the Christian, the Roman, and the Oriental. Byzantine literature is often classified in five groups: historians and annalists, encyclopaedists (Patriarch Photios, Michael Psellus, and Michael Choniates are regarded as the greatest encyclopaedists of Byzantium) and essayists, and writers of secular poetry (The only genuine heroic epic of the Byzantines is the ). The remaining two groups include the new literary species: ecclesiastical and theological literature, and popular poetry. Of the approximately two to three thousand volumes of Byzantine literature that survive, only three hundred and thirty consist of secular poetry, history, science and pseudo-science. While the most flourishing period of the secular literature of Byzantium runs from the 9th to the 12th century, its religious literature ( sermons, liturgical books and poetry, theology, devotional treatises etc.) developed much earlier with Romanos the Melodist being its most prominent representative.

” So said Hemingway, and so you may feel as well

In Byzantine literature, therefore, four different cultural elements are to be reckoned with: the Greek, the Christian, the Roman, and the Oriental. Byzantine literature is often classified in five groups: historians and annalists, encyclopedists (Patriarch Photios, Michael Psellos, and Michael Choniates are regarded as the greatest encyclopedists of Byzantium) and essayists, and writers of secular poetry (The only genuine heroic epic of the Byzantines is the Digenis Acritas). The remaining two groups include the new literary species: ecclesiastical and theological literature, and popular poetry. Of the approximately two to three thousand volumes of Byzantine literature that survive, only three hundred and thirty consist of secular poetry, history, science and pseudo-science. While the most flourishing period of the secular literature of Byzantium runs from the ninth to the twelfth century, its religious literature (sermons, liturgical books and poetry, theology, devotional treatises etc.) developed much earlier with Romanos the Melodist being its most prominent representative.


Category:Ancient Greek essayists - Wikipedia

One of the best-known Greek biographers and essayists, Plutarch wrote extensively about ancient Greek and Roman culture, influencing later Western writers.

he is too great a critic not to see that poetry worships power without regard to the morality of power. of the French Revolution.B20A(Essayists)3/15/057:22 PMPage 7676Bloom’s Literary Criticism 20th Anniversary Collectionnecessary opposition to them. They work hard. to raise power into tyranny. The people are poor. therefore they ought to be beaten. The history of mankind is a romance. We may depend upon it that what men delight to read in books. which is that Plato was right in fearing Homer’s effect upon society. in which what is sport to the few is death to the many. their riches of our poverty. The whole dramatic moral of Coriolanus is that those who have little shall have less. it is a noble or royal hunt. their pride of our degradation. a mask. Though Hazlitt is an intellectual of the permanent Left. their power is at the expense of our weakness. and to make tyranny absolute. to degrade subjects to the rank of slaves. therefore they ought not to be allowed to feel that they want food. oppressed. This is the logic of the imagination and the passions. and slaves to the condition of brutes. and miserable. and in which the spectators halloo and encourage the strong to set upon the weak. and that those who have much shall take all that others have left. to exult magistrates into kings. Indeed. They are ignorant. which seek to aggrandize what excites admiration. and cry havoc in the chase though they do not share in the spoil. kings into gods. that they are enslaved. and from Gods would convert them into Devils. like Johnson before him. III Hazlitt. they will put in practice in reality. constructed upon the principles of poetical justice. They are slaves. his poetics of power compels us to see more than that. and to heap contempt on misery. a tragedy. and the noble or royal hunt of the imagination does not make us better citizens or better human beings. to thrust down that which is low still lower. their tyranny of our servitude. Poetical justice is antithetical to societal justice. or clothing. and the great progression of. therefore they ought to be starved. or rest. and to make wretches desperate. therefore they ought not to be treated like beasts of burden. their splendour of our wretchedness. If they had the superior knowledge ascribed to them (which they have not) it would only render them so much more formidable. and very likely may make us worse.