Gender Identity Research Paper on Essay & Term Papers

The term was introduced to English in 1949 by , and popularized by in 1966, around the same time was coined and began to be popularized. Since the 1990s, has generally been used to describe the subset of people who desire to transition permanently to the gender with which they identify and who seek medical assistance (for example, ) with this. However, the concerns of the two groups are sometimes different; for example, transsexual men and women who can pay for medical treatments (or who have institutional coverage for their treatment) are likely to be concerned with and establishing a durable legal status as their gender later in life.

They are individuals whose current gender identity differs from their birth-identified gender.

The most studied factors are biological. Studies beginning with Zhou in 1995 have found that trans women's brain structure (volume and density of neurons) is similar to (cis) women's and unlike cis men's, and trans men's is similar to cis men's, even when controlling for hormone use. A 2002 study by Chung suggested significant in the did not become established until adulthood, theorizing that either changes in fetal hormone levels produce changes in BSTc synaptic density and other factors which later lead to the observed differences in BSTc, or the differences are affected by the generation of a gender identity inconsistent with assigned sex. Studies in 2004 (Swaab), 2006 (Gooran), 2008 (Garcia-Falgueras), and 2010 (Rametti) confirmed earlier research finding that gender identity is influenced by brain structure. However, some of these studies are limited as they include a small number of tested individuals. Brain structure differences have also been noted between and men, as well as and heterosexual women as part of extensive research on . Studies have also found that both trans women's brain function and responses are like cis women's and unlike cis men's, or are intermediate between the two. Likewise, studies such as Rametti's have found that trans men have male-like white matter patterns (even before using hormones), regardless of sexual orientation.


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The combination of features traditionally associated with either male or female gender identity suggests that gender is indeed a social construct.

Sex is commonly understood to be based on a person’s genitals and reproductive organs; these anatomical details are thought to define a person as male or female. Gender is often understood to refer to gender identity, meaning your internal sense of yourself as female, male, or other, regardless of biology.


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The very fact that women and men can say that they feel more or less 'like a woman' or 'like a man' shows, Butler points out, that 'the experience of a gendered... cultural identity is considered an achievement.'

Identity Essay - Race, Gender and Age. 5 Pages 1226 Words February 2015. Saved essays Save your essays here so you can locate them quickly!

Butler suggests that certain cultural configurations of gender have seized a hegemonic hold (i.e. they have come to seem natural in our culture as it presently is) -- but, she suggests, it doesn't have to be that way. Rather than proposing some utopian vision, with no idea of how we might get to such a state, Butler calls for subversive action in the present: 'gender trouble' -- the mobilization, subversive confusion, and proliferation of genders -- and therefore identity.

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‘Brandon Teena differs most from the biological males in his environment not in that his genitalia do not match his gender identity, but in that he is far more emotive’.

In this assignment, you will create a presentation addressing how gender identity is formed, the scientific evidence for the differences between the genders,

This idea of identity as free-floating, as not connected to an 'essence', but instead a performance, is one of the key ideas in . Seen in this way, our identities, gendered and otherwise, do not express some authentic inner "core" self but are the dramatic (rather than the cause) of our performances.