Beginning in the 1970s, the federal government undertook a broad review of immigration, commissioning a study to provide factual background on policy issues and to furnish new policy options. During this study, the provinces and other stakeholders were invited to submit briefs. The result was a 1975 Green Paper on immigration, which proposed to move away from the practices developed under the 1952 Immigration Act and the 1966 White Paper. Generally speaking, the Green Paper welcomed ethnic diversity and continued to emphasize immigration as a tool that could help Canada meet its labour needs. Iinstead of focusing simply on skilled immigration, however, the Green Paper further recognized the need to draw immigrants willing to settle in more remote, less populated areas. Following the Green Paper’s release, a Special Joint Senate-House of Commons Committee was created to stage public hearings on immigration policy, and to provide recommendations on new legislation.
The White Paper on Immigration was a policy document commissioned by the Liberal government of Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson to review immigration legislation and make recommendations on its restructuring. A major review of policy was deemed necessary in response to the changing Canadian economy. Skilled workers were increasingly in demand as manufacturing, managerial, professional and technical occupations grew in importance. Despite this economic shift, the immigration rate of unskilled and undereducated sponsored immigrants remained high, contributing to growing unemployment.
Canadian Immigration Policy Essay Research Paper The
I am always reassured and impressed by something that consistently shows up in public opinion polls: Despite any disagreements Canadians may have on individual policies, we share a broad consensus that immigration is an unambiguously positive force in our country.
The 1960s, however, saw several key reforms to Canada’s immigration policy. In 1962, the government tabled regulations virtually eliminating racial discrimination as a major feature of immigration policy. As such, prospective immigrants could no longer be denied entry to Canada on the basis of colour, race, or nationality. In 1966, the federal government tabled a White Paper on immigration, recognizing immigration as a major contributor to the national goals of population and economic growth. Nevertheless, to prevent high levels of unskilled immigration to Canada, the paper recommended a preference for immigrants with skills that would be valuable in the Canadian labour force. The Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (and its related regulations) sets out executive authority over immigration policy. In this context, the Act recognizes the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration as being responsible for the Act’s administration. The Act also recognizes that the minister and may make any regulation relating to the Act and immigration practices. The Act and its regulations also establish the basic requirements individuals must meet to immigrate to Canada, and the requirements for remaining in the country. Other key components of the Act include: the outlining of procedures and bodies specific to the refugee class of immigrants, the establishment of an appeals process for denial of immigration claims, and measures for the Act’s enforcement.Some critics of Canada’s immigration policy have argued, however, that the current Points System continues with discrimination, albeit in a more hidden manner. The system no longer explicitly discriminates on the grounds of race or religion. Nevertheless, the education, skill, employment and financial requirements of the Points System represent a barrier to many groups. Not all potential immigrants have the same opportunities to meet the education requirement, due to the fact that accessible education may not be provided in their home countries. The skills requirements, further, often discriminate against women, insofar as women’s participation in the labour force may also be limited in their country of origin. Some suggest that one of the more explicit forms of discrimination can be found in the investor or business immigrant category, which allows wealthy individuals to effectively buy access to Canada by bringing significant financial capital into the domestic economy. Such opportunities are only available to advantaged economic classes, and denied to those of limited wealth and income.The federal government’s tighter immigration policies continued after the war. This was due to a number of factors. Early policy in Canada had viewed immigration as a strategy for economic growth and, in so doing, had adopted an “open door” approach. Following the First World War, however, Canada faced significant political and economic uncertainties, such as the rise of communism, organized labour movements, and the Great Depression. Accordingly, the federal government adopted a more exclusionary immigration stance, with the goal of encouraging social harmony and control by excluding immigrants of certain ideological, religious, or ethnic backgrounds. Also fundamental to this way of thinking was the notion of protecting Canadian workers from losing their jobs to “cheap” foreign labour.