Despite the official independence of the Bulgarian church, it was subordinate to the Greek Orthodox Church and had to observe the order of the Turkish Sultan, which stipulated that all the icon inscriptions were written and all the church services were conducted in Greek. The struggle for the freedom of the church lasted for more than a century and eventually finished with gaining total independence of Bulgarian church. This gave a new impetus to the development of the icon painting and woodcarving schools, the most famous of which were the ones in Tryavna, Debur and Bansko. Zahari Zograph is a name known to every Bulgarian as one of the greatest icon painters of the time. His disciples created a new style in icon painting by introducing the portraying of ordinary people, church donors and benefactors of the spiritual life in Bulgaria. The somewhat forgotten and banned holidays in the secular and religious calendar were revived and the Bulgarian customs and rituals, as well as the folk songs and dances started to thrive. Songs were sung about heroes, haiduti, work, love, battles, nature and God. It was then that the country entered its National Revival. Father Paisii of Hilendar wrote his "History of the Slavonic Bulgarian People" - reminding the Bulgarians of their historical origin and restoring their self-confidence, spirit of national belonging and freedom. This thin book had numerous rewritings and did what many fruitless uprisings could not have done. There were two other books on Bulgarian history written by Blazius Kleiner and Raino Popovich preceding it, but they were known only to a few Bulgarian intellectuals living in exile and were too incomplete. One of the re-writers of Paisii's history was Sofronii Vrachanski, himself a writer and spiritual leader.
Ruse has an extensive public transport system with around 30 and lines, including the . Most of the buses are operated under a concession by the Bulgarian subsidiary of the Israeli transport holding Egged Ruse. There are also several suburban bus lines, operated by various private Bulgarian transport companies. A 14 kilometer bicycle network is currently under development in the city.
Free Essays on Bulgaria. Get help with your writing. 1 through 30
The essay is one of the typical genres of 20th-century Bulgarian literature, the fruit of both the native prose tradition and interiorized foreign influence (particularly German, French, and Russian). The native origins of the Bulgarian essay can be traced back to Istoriia sloveno-Bulgarskaia (1762; The Slavic Bulgarian history), written by Father Paisii Khilendarski (1722–73), the biographical and historical essays of (1850–89), and ’s (1863–97) travel essay Do Chikago I nazad (1894; ). These works are representative of the leading themes in the Bulgarian essay: national identity (initially seen as the institutional unity of the State, the independent Orthodox Church, and common past, but from the beginning of the 20th century understood primarily as cultural identity) and Bulgaria’s relationship to the rest of Europe. In general, the Bulgarian essay reflects the peculiarity of the nation’s political and social history: from the second half of the 19th century, when Bulgaria was liberated from the Ottoman yoke, the essay was considered to be a means of public discussion of the major problems of the nation.
During , the invaders destroyed the town, reacting to a 1595 unsuccessful liberation attempt by a joint -Bulgarian army, led by . After its rebuilding in the following years, Ruse was dubbed ( for "little Ruse") and had again expanded into a large fortress by the 18th century. It later grew into one of the most important Ottoman towns on the Danube and an administrative centre of , which extended from and to Sofia and .Ruse had the first Bulgarian factories for soda water, lemonade, and for neckties. The first aviator Simeon Petrov was born in Ruse.During , the invaders destroyed the town, reacting to a 1595 unsuccessful liberation attempt by a joint -Bulgarian army, led by . After its rebuilding in the following years, Ruse was dubbed ( for "little Ruse") and had again expanded into a large fortress by the 18th century. It later grew into one of the most important Ottoman towns on the Danube and an administrative centre of , which extended from and to Sofia and ., a Bulgarian-born Canadian business magnate, endowed about half of the amount necessary for the construction of a modern conference complex named after him, the Kaneff Centre, at the . It was officially opened on 10 October 2013.At the end of the 20th century the Bulgarian essay is returning to the question “Why are we thus?,” burdened—or perhaps enriched—with reflections on the consequences of more than four decades of communist stagnation. Once again the audience expects the essay to address the pivotal problems of the future of Bulgaria, to be a genre with a social mission.