It is no surprise, then, that the protests have raised questions about whether Internet access is or should be a civil or human right. The issue is particularly acute in countries whose governments clamped down on Internet access in an attempt to quell the protesters. In June, citing the uprisings in the Middle East and North Africa, a went so far as to declare that the Internet had “become an indispensable tool for realizing a range of human rights.” Over the past few years, courts and parliaments in countries like France and Estonia have pronounced Internet access a human right.
Perhaps the debate about relativism and human rights has becomeobsolete. In recent decades widespread acceptance of human rights hasoccurred in most parts of the world. Three quarters of theworld’s countries have ratified the major human rights treaties,and many countries in Africa, the Americas, and Europe participate inregional human rights regimes that have international courts (see below). Further, all ofthe world's countries now use similar political institutions (law,courts, legislatures, executives, militaries, bureaucracies, police,prisons, taxation, and public schools) and these institutions carrywith them characteristic problems and abuses (Donnelly 2003: 46, 92;Nickel 2007, 173–4). Finally, globalization has diminished thedifferences among peoples. Today’s world is not the one thatearly anthropologists and missionaries found. National and culturalboundaries are breached not just by international trade but also bymillions of travelers and migrants, electronic communications,international law covering many areas, and the efforts ofinternational governmental and non-governmentalorganizations. International influences and organizations areeverywhere and countries borrow freely and regularly from eachother’s inventions and practices.
869 Words Essay On Human Rights - Marked by Teachers
Another mechanism for state promotion of human rights is the creationof national human rights commissions. Their functions includeeducating people on human rights, promoting human rights, and advisinglocal governments about human rights (Ramcharan 2005).Representatives of state commissions are permitted to participate in annualUnited Nations human rights sessions, enabling a state's human rightsproblems or successes to receive attention at the international level(Ramcharan 2005). Countries with national human rights commissionsinclude Australia, Canada, Fiji, India, Ireland, Mexico, Nepal, thePhilippines, and Uganda, to name a few.